Saturday, 31 December 2011

CORRECT Method to cook NOODLES

Normally, how we cook the instant noodles is to put the noodles into a pot with water, throw in the powder and let it cook for around 3 minutes and then it’s ready to eat.This is the WRONG method of cooking the instant noodles. By doing this, when we actually boil the ingredients in the powder, normally with MSG, it will change the molecular structure of the MSG, causing it to be toxic.

The other thing that you may or may not realize is that, the noodles are coated with wax and it will take around 4 to 5 days for the body to excrete the wax after you have eaten the noodles.

1. Boil the noodles in a pot of water.
2. Once the noodles are cooked, take out the noodles, and throw away the water which contains wax.
3. Boil another pot of water, add the cooked noodles into the hot boiling water and then turn off the stove.
4. Only at this stage when the stove is off, and while the water is very hot, add the flavouring powder into the water, to make noodle soup.
5. However, if you need dry noodles, remove the noodles and add the flavouring powder and toss it to get dry noodles.

Dietician’s Note:
If you buy plain hakka noodles which you make, you initially need to boil in water and discard the water. This will soften the noodles but to prevent it from sticking we need to add a tbsp of oil and also the noodles are deep fried partially to make them crunchy and then dusted with flour to prevent them from sticking while boiling. Hence when you buy the noodles they are already made unhealthy and this is the type we use to make stir fry noodles and the regular Maggi too is made the same way, plus they add MSG / Ajinomoto and other chemical preservatives. A large number of patients with ages ranging from 18-24 years are ending up with pancreatitis either as a swelling or infection of the pancreas due to regular consumption of instant noodles…
If the frequency is more than 3 times a week, then it is very hazardous…

Please share this info and help save a life

Please note that Institute Jantung Negara (national Heart Institutio) has recommended Malaysians not to over eat instant noodles as heart disease is mainly caused by the seasoning powder. If you can’t do without it, reduce the powder by half and don’t drink the soup after you finish the noodle.

Friday, 30 December 2011

Daily Health Mistakes

Crossing our legs
Do you cross your legs at your knees when sitting? Although we may believe that this is the lady-like elegant way to sit, sitting this way cuts down circulation to your legs. If you don”t want varicose veins to mar the beauty of your legs and compromise your health, uncross your legs every time you realize you have one knee on top of the other. The best way to sit is to simply place both legs together on the floor, balancing your weight equally. If you feel like changing position,
instead of crossing your legs, simply move both legs together to one side. As an alternative, you could also consider crossing your legs loosely at the ankles. This is a classically elegant way to sit, and is far better for your legs and your health than sitting with your legs crossed at your knees.

Not changing our toothbrush
How often do you change your toothbrush? Most of us wait until most of the bristles have either fallen off, or are in such bad shape that we”d be embarrassed to pull out our brush in public. However, since not many of us need to pull out our brush in public, we carry on with our frayed one until we lose it. Replace your toothbrush often. Damaged bristles can harm the enamel, and don”t massage your gums well. If you find brushing your teeth a pain like I do, but know you must do it, you might as well be doing it right. Imagine going through the annoyance of brushing your teeth twice a day only to find out that you”re damaging your enamel every time you clean your teeth. Also, use a brush with soft bristles unless your dentist has advised otherwise.

Eating out often
There are oils that are high in cholesterol, and oils that cause little harm and are better for your heart. However, no matter how light the oil is, it is never a good idea to eat too much of it. Avoid fried foods.Limit outdoor eating unless you know that you”re getting served light and healthy food.

Skipping breakfast
Never, ever skip breakfast. Remember, when you wake up in the morning it”s been around 10-12 hours since your last meal. Your body needs food now, more than at any other time. Eat a heavy breakfast. You will then be busy through the day, and the calories will get expended quickly. If you are trying to diet, eat a light dinner. Here are some more common health mistakes we make. Being informed and making a few changes can help make us feel a whole lot better.

High heels
High heels sure look great, but they’re murder for your back. This however doesn’t mean you should steer clear of stilettos. Wear them, but not when you know you will be walking around a lot. Wear them when going out for lunch or dinner – when the only walking you will be doing is to your car, to the table, and back. Avoid high heels when you are going somewhere on foot. If you are constantly tempted to wear your heels, take a good look at your flats. Is there something about them you dislike? Invest in a new pair of beautiful flats or shoes with a low heel. Buy something you love, that you will enjoy wearing. If possible, get a matching bag. You will then enjoy your flats as much as you do your heels.

Sleeping on a soft bed
You don’t have to sleep on the floor be kind to your back, but do make sure you have a firm mattress. Although a mattress on springs is soft and lovely to sink into, it’s bad for your back. If you already have an old bed with springs, you don’t need to invest in a new one – simply get a thick wooden plank put over the springs, and place the mattress on the plank. Similarly, if your mattress is old and lumpy, throw it out and get a new one. Your neck and your back will thank you. The same rule applies to sofas. If you will be spending hours on a sofa, get a firm yet comfortable one. Sofas you completely sink into are not the best idea.

No matter how comfortable sleeping with ten cushions is, have pity on your neck and resist. Sleep with one pillow, and make sure it is not too thick. If your pillow gets lumpy, discard it and go for a new one. Get a thin pillow if you sleep on your stomach, and something a little thicker if you sleep on your back, to give your neck adequate support.

Not exercising
So all of us know we should exercise more, but many of us don’t. This is a health mistake we consciously make! And why is that? Simply because we refuse to admit the damage we are causing to our bodies by not working out. A number of people only start working out once they’ve experienced a warning signal. Don’t wait for a heart attack to strike before you decide to opt for a lifestyle change. Make the change now. You don’t need to train for the marathon to be in top shape. Half an hour of brisk walking three to four times a week will make a world of difference to your health. You could then increase this to forty minutes, four times a week – and you’re all set. If you haven’t exercised for a week, you’re making a mistake.

Thursday, 29 December 2011

Liver Damage - Main Causes

The main causes of liver damage are:
* Sleeping too late and waking up too late are main cause.
* Not urinating in the morning.
* Too much eating.
* Skipping breakfast.
* Consuming too much medication.
* Consuming too much preservatives, additives, food coloring, and artificial sweetener.
* Consuming unhealthy cooking oil.
As much as possible reduce cooking oil use when frying, which includes even the best cooking oils like olive oil. Do not consume fried foods when you are tired, except if the body is very fit.
* Consuming raw (overly done) foods also add to the burden of liver.
Veggies should be eaten raw or cooked 3-5 parts. Fried veggies should be finished in one sitting, do not store.

We should prevent this without necessarily spending more. We just have to adopt a good daily lifestyle and eating habits. Maintaining good eating habits and time condition are very important for our bodies to absorb and get rid of unnecessary chemicals according to ’schedule.’

Wednesday, 28 December 2011

What is High Blood Pressure?

What is High Blood Pressure?
When you have your blood pressure taken, your health care provider is measuring the pressure, or tension, that blood exerts on the walls of the blood vessels as it travels around the body. In a healthy person, this pressure is just enough for the blood to reach all the cells of the body, but not so much that it strains blood vessel walls.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg).
· A typical normal blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg, or “120 over 80.”
· The first number represents the pressure when the heart contracts.
· The second number represents the pressure when the heart relaxes.
· Blood pressure greater than 140/90 mm Hg is considered high.
Generally, blood pressure will go up at certain times – for instance, if you smoke a cigarette, win the lottery, or witness a car crash – and will return to normal when the stressful or exciting event has passed.
But when blood pressure is high all the time, the continuous increased force on blood vessel walls can damage blood vessels and organs, including the heart, kidneys, eyes, and brain.The medical term for high blood pressure is hyper tension.
Need to Know:
Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure
Blood travels through blood vessels much like water through a garden hose. The blood in the vessels is under pressure just like the water in a hose when the tap is turned on.
With each heartbeat more blood is pumped into the vessels – like turning up the tap – so the pressure rises. This is the systolic blood pressure, the first number in the blood pressure measurement, which is normally around 120.
Between heartbeats, while the heart is resting, the pressure in the arteries is lower. This is the diastolic pressure, second number in the blood pressure measurement, which is normally around 80.
Indication of high blood pressure
You can increase the pressure in a hose either by turning up the tap or by putting a crimp in the hose (that is, by narrowing the hose). In this same way, the blood pressure in blood vessels will rise if fluid flows more forcefully or if the arteries are narrowed.
Pressure in a hose can be regulated either by controlling the rate at which fluid passes through it or by widening it. Likewise, the pressure in the blood vessels can be controlled, with medications that act on the heart or blood vessels and with certain lifestyle modifications.
Need to Know:
Although high blood pressure can be extremely dangerous, it usually causes no symptoms – so many people don’t even realize they have it. High blood pressure can only be detected with accurate and repeated measurements of a person‘s blood pressure. That’s one reason why it’s so important to have regular medical checkups.Even though high blood pressure can be treated safely and effectively, only about one-quarter of people who have high blood pressure take the necessary steps to keep their blood pressure within a normal range.
There are three types of hypertension:
Primary hypertension (essential hypertension). This is high blood pressure for which no cause can be found. Most people with high blood pressure (90 to 95 percent) have this type of hypertension. Doctors suspect that a combination of lifestyle, diet, heredity, age, gender, race/ethnicity, hormone levels, and other factors all contribute to high blood pressure.
Secondary hypertension (non-essential hypertension). This is high blood pressure for which a definite cause can be found. This type of high blood pressure accounts for only 5 to 10 percent of all cases of hypertension. Some of these causes are temporary or controllable – for instance, pregnancy or the use of certain medications – while others are chronic conditions like hormonal diseases, kidney disease, or head injuries.
Isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). Older people are sometimes susceptible to another form of high blood pressure, called isolated systolic hypertension. In people with this condition, blood pressure is higher than normal when the heart beats, but returns to normal in between beats of the heart. The large difference in pressure can place additional strain on artery walls.
Nice To Know:
Q. If I do not feel any symptoms, is there still a problem?
A. Most people with high blood pressure do not experience any symptoms. The presence of symptoms, such as headache or blurry vision, usually indicates severe or long-standing hypertension. However, over time, uncontrolled high blood pressure causes significant damage to important organs including the heart, kidneys, brain, and eyes. In a number of cases, this damage can lead to death. This is why high blood pressure is sometimes referred to as “the silent killer.”
Facts about high blood pressure
High blood pressure is a condition in which the pressure, or tension, that blood exerts on the walls of blood vessels goes up and stays high, which can damage the blood vessels, the heart, and other organs.It is estimated that more than 50 million Americans have high blood pressure.
High blood pressure is one of the most serious health problems in the United States; yet, because high blood pressure has no symptoms, millions of people do not even know they have it. As many as one in four adults in the United States has high blood pressure.
High blood pressure
affects people of all ages, racial and ethnic groups, and walks of life.
Doctors do not know what causes high blood pressure in 90 to 95 percent of people who have it.
High blood pressure
is one of the most important risk factors for coronary heart disease.
High blood pressure is the most important risk factor for stroke, which is the third leading cause of death in the United States.
High blood pressure
is a common cause of heart failure, the leading cause of death in the United States
High blood pressure
is a common cause of kidney disease.
What Factors Affect Blood Pressure?
Blood pumped through blood vessels is always under pressure, much like water that is pumped through a garden hose. This pressure is highest in the arteries closest to the heart and gradually decreases as the blood travels around the body.
Blood keeps moving around the body because there are differences in pressure in the blood vessels. Blood flows from higher-pressure areas to lower-pressure areas until it eventually returns to the heart.Hypertension is much strain on your heart
Blood pressure is controlled by three things:
1 – How fast the heart beats (heart rate). The pace at which the heart beats, or heart rate, is counted in heartbeats per minute. Generally, when heart rate increases, blood pressure rises. When heart rate decreases, blood pressure drops.
2 – A number of things affect heart rate, including the body‘s nervous system; chemical messengers called hormones, body temperature, medications, and diseases.
3 – How much blood the heart pumps with each beat (stroke volume). The amount of blood pumped out of a ventricle with each heartbeat is called stroke volume. When you’re resting, stroke volume is about the same as the amount of blood that veins carry back to the heart. But under stressful conditions, the nervous system can increase stroke volume by making the heart pump harder.Stroke volume can also be affected by certain hormones, drugs, and diseases, as well as increases or decreases in the amount of blood in the body, called blood volume.
Nice To Know:
You might also hear the term “cardiac output” used to describe the amount of blood that’s pumped through the body. Cardiac output is simply the amount of blood pumped out of a ventricle in one minute:
Cardiac output = Heart rate x Stroke volume (amount of blood pumped with each beat)

As cardiac output increases, so does blood pressure. This is why heart rate and stroke volume are important ways for the body to control blood pressure.
How difficult it is for blood to travel around the body (peripheral resistance). The third major component that affects the blood pressure is the caliber or width of the arteries. Blood traveling in narrower vessels encounters more resistance than blood traveling through a wider vessel (its harder for water to pass through a narrow pipe than a wide pipe).
This ability to regulate the width of the blood vessels is called the peripheral resistance. Most of the resistance to blood flow in the circulation occurs in the small-diameter arteries called arterioles.
These arterioles are especially important in the immediate regulation of blood pressure. That’s because they contain specialized smooth muscle in their walls that can relax or contract, allowing the blood vessel to get wider or narrower.

Tuesday, 27 December 2011

How to Super Charge Your Brain in 14 Simple Ways!

1. Eat Almonds
Almond is believed to improve memory. If a combination of almond oil and milk is taken together before going to bed or after getting up at morning, it strengthens our memory power. Almond milk is prepared by crushing the almonds without the outer cover and adding water and sugar to it.
2. Drink Apple Juice
Research from the University of Massachusetts Lowell (UML) indicates that apple juice increases the production of the essential neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the brain, resulting in an increased memory power.
3. Sleep well
Research indicates that the long-term memory is consolidated during sleep by replaying the images of the experiences of the day. These repeated playbacks program the subconscious mind to store these images and other related information.
4. Enjoy simple Pleasures
Stress drains our brainpower. A stress-ridden mind consumes much of our memory resources to leave us with a feeble mind. Make a habit to engage yourself in few simple pleasures everyday to dissolve stress from your mind. Some of these simple pleasures are good for your mind, body and soul.
Enjoy music you love
Play with your children
Hug a stranger
Appreciate others
Run few miles a day, bike or swim
Start a blog
Take a yoga class or Total wellness routine
5. Fast for a day
Fasting cleans and detoxifies our body. It is known fact that heavy food not only causes stress on our digestive system but also drains our brainpower. Fasting relieves toxic emotions such as anger, grief, worry, and fears – before they accumulate and cause disease. By cleansing toxic emotions, fasting strengthens metal clarity with increases memory, concentration, creativity and insight.
6. Exercise your mind
Just as physical exercise is essential for a strong body, mental exercise is equally essential for a sharp and agile mind. Have you noticed that children have far superior brainpower than an adult does? Children have playful minds. A playful mind exhibits superior memory power. Engage in some of the activities that require your mind to remain active and playful.
Play scrabble or crossword puzzle
Interact with others
Start a new hobby such as blogging, reading, painting, bird watching
Learn new skill or a language
7. Practice Yoga or Meditation
Yoga or Meditation relives stress. Stress is a known memory buster. With less stress, lower blood pressure, slower respiration, slower metabolism, and released muscle tension follows. All of these factors contribute significantly towards increases in our brainpower.
8. Reduce Sugar intake
Sugar is a non-food. It's a form of carbohydrate that offers illusionary energy, only to cause a downhill slump once the initial burst has been worn off. Excess intake of sugar results in neurotic symptoms. Excess sugar is known to cause claustrophobia, memory loss and other neurotic disorders. Eat food without adding sugar. Stay away from sweet drinks or excess consumption of caffeine with sugar.
9. Eat whole wheat
The whole wheat germs contain lecithin. Lecithin helps ease the problem of the hardening of the arteries, which often impairs brain functioning.
10. Eat a light meal in the night
A heavy meal at night causes tossing and turning and a prolonged emotional stress while at sleep. It's wise to eat heavy meal during the day when our body is in motion to consume the heavy in-take. Eating a light meal with some fruits allows us to sleep well. A good night sleep strengthens our brainpower.
11. Develop imagination
Greeks mastered the principle of imagination and association to memorize everything. This technique requires one to develop a vivid and colorful imagination that can be linked to a known object. If you involve all your senses – touching, feeling, smelling, hearing and seeing in the imagination process, you can remember greater details of the event.
12. Sex
Our sexual imagination often empowers our ability to daydream, which strengthens our brainpower with greater imagination, visualization and association.
13. Control your temper
Bleached food, excess of starch or excess of white bread can lead to nerve grating effect. This results in a violent and some time depressive behavior. Eat fresh vegetables. Drink lots of water and meditate or practice yoga to relieve these toxic emotions of temper and violent mood swings.
14. Take Vitamin B-complex
Vitamin B-complex strengthens memory power. Eat food and vegetables high in Vitamin B-complex. Stay away from the starch food or white bread, which depletes the Vitamin B-complex necessary for a healthy mind.

10 Things to be Amazed about Christmas

10. It was illegal to celebrate Christmas in England from 1647-1660 as, according to Oliver Cromwell, a Puritan leader, it was immoral to indulge in revelries on a holy day.

9. 'Jingle Bells' was the first song ever broadcast from space. Astronauts Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford smuggled a harmonica and bells aboard and proceeded to sing the song on December 16, 1965.

8. The word Christmas originates from the old English term "Cristes maesse" which means "Christ's Mass".

7. One of the earliest known decorations for the Christmas tree were apples.

6. The Statue of Liberty was reportedly given as a Christmas gift to England by the French. That makes it the world's largest Christmas gift ever.

5. The original Santa Claus was St. Nicholas, a Bishop of Myra who used to distribute sweets and gifts among the poor children.

4. Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer was invented by an American firm in 1938 as a part of its Christmas promotions.

3. 25 December started being celebrated as the birthday of Christ only after AD 440.

2. Before turkey made its way into the Christmas dinner, the tradition was to eat pig's head and mustard.

1. Christmas Carols were introduced to church services by St. Francis of Assisi

Monday, 26 December 2011

5 Reasons Why You should eat an Apple a day?

Yes, apples have offer ease of portability and are packed with nutrition associated with fruits in general but you need to read the following to realize why apples are such an awesome addition to your daily diet:

1. Apples Keep You Smarter, Even in Old Age

Apples are proven to have a role in the better functioning of the brain. It has been established through various researches that apple, if consumed regularly as a fruit or juice, keeps the mind sharper. It is packed with certain plant chemicals that can even prevent the onset of neurological conditions like Alzheimer’s that are essentially a state of decreased mental acuity. Regular intake of apples is known to have a regulatory effect on critical neurotransmitters of the brain like acetylcholine. In fact, apples are recommended as a fruit of choice for people who are suspected of progressing towards Parkinson’s, another condition linked with reduced mental capabilities. Apples contain compounds that cannot be mimicked by pharma companies and are capable of raising the immunity of the neurons (nerve cells).

2. Apples: Nature’s Own Anti-Cancer Solution

Scientists from various medical research facilities have confirmed that apples have a definitive anti-carcinogenic effect. Some folks might argue that it is not assured against which type of cancer and in what manner apples contribute in this regard. However, it should be remembered that we don’t have any drug or medicine to cure or prevent cancer, i.e. the global medical fraternity can only partially curb cancerous growths and impair its progression. So, doesn’t it make sense to avert chances of being inflicted with this deadly disease by merely eating a tasty fruit regularly?! Certain biochemicals found in apples, like flavonoids and triterpenoids, are widely regarded behind the fruit’s anti-cancer properties.

3. Apples Are Established Diabetes Busters

Diabetes is the precursor to a series of highly damaging health conditions like cardiovascular problems, stroke and high blood pressure. Apple contains soluble fiber. This kind of fiber plays a vital role apart from regulating your digestion, i.e. it retards the faster uptake of sugars in the body. This helps in preventing and managing diabetes. Some medical facilities have indicated that eating apple on a daily basis can reduce chances of developing type 2 diabetes by nearly 25% among women.

4. Managing Weight is Easier with Apples

If you think about weight management solutions that allow you to gorge on sweet, flavored foods, apple should surface at the top of your options. This is the best fruit to manage cholesterol. As explained, the soluble fiber in apples helps to impair the absorption of fats from the intestines. Pectin is one such fiber that is found in appreciable quantities in apples. Polyphenols in apples are among nature’s strongest antioxidants and tend to reduce the toxic nature of cholesterol deposits, preventing plaque deposition within the blood vessels.

5. Apples for Better Gastrointestinal Health

Apples are the most recommended fruit for folks suffering from a range of gastrointestinal problems. This includes serious problems like gallstones that are formed due to excessive cholesterol in the bile. Foods high in soluble fiber and antioxidants, such as apples, are the perfect remedy for preventing painful gallstones. Apples are also a handy aid for resolving repeated bouts of constipation and diarrhea. Apple’s natural fibers aid greater absorption of water, regulating the movement of digested food through the intestines. Stressful lifestyles often lead to IBS—Irritable Bowel Syndrome. This irritating and highly debilitating stomach-related ailment can cause bloating and abdominal pain and is best managed with regularly eating apples.

Sunday, 30 October 2011

Why don't HairCuts hurt?

Why dont HairCuts Hurt

Because hairs are made of dead cells, so you don't feel a thing.

The dead hair cells are filled with a tough, waterproof protein called keratin, as a nails, and the skin flakes that you lose daily in their millions from your skin's surface. All these things are part of the fantastic protective overcoat that covers and protects your body.

Thursday, 27 October 2011

Do you know Paris Catacombs?

The Paris Catacombs are underground bone stores that contain many thousands of skulls, femurs, and other bones.

In fact, the walls of the catacombs are made from bones! They were brought there for storage in the 18th century, from cemeteries that were overflowing with people.

Wednesday, 26 October 2011

Which is the largest continent?

Asia - it covers one-third of the total land area of the Earth. North to south it extends from the Arctic Cricle to just south of the Equator and at its widest point it measures 8,500 km (5300 miles). Four billion people - three out of every five of the world's population - live in Asia.

Tuesday, 25 October 2011

How To SkyDive?

1>    Jump out of a plane(make sure you have a parachute strapped to your back first!) You will at first accelerate then, as drag(resistance) balances the pull of gravity, you will reach a steady speed called terminal velocity.

2>    Keep yourlims spread wide to maintain terminal velocity of about 200 kph(124 mph). To change speed, redce drag by altering body posture.

3>    By standing straight up or diving headfirst with your arms and legs behind you, you can reach speeds of 290 kph(180 mph).

4>    To slow down for landing, you will need to increase the drag and reduce your speed to around 20 ph (12 mph). To do this, pull the parachute cord to open the canopy.

5>    As soon as your toes make contact with the ground, slightly bend your knees, tuck your elbows in close to your body, and allow yourself to safely fall.

Wednesday, 19 October 2011

Can a car run on chocolate?

It may sound ridiculous, but it's true. In 2007, two British environmetalists drove a car 700 km (4500 miles) from Britain to Timbuktu in Mali, Africa, powered by 4000 kg(8800 lbs) of chocolate converted into biofuel.

Becomming a Fossil:

1. For a dead animal to become a fossil, it needs to be buried quickly before it is eaten or decomposes, by falling into a muddy river bed, or by a sandstorm, for example.
2. Soft tissue rots away, but the skeleton remains to be replaced by minerals and turned to rock over millions of years.
3. Over time, mud and river sediments build up over the fossil, forming layer upon layer of sedimentary rocks.
4. One more millions of years, erosion and movements in the Earth's crust can expose the fossil, and, with luck, a palaeontologist may find it.

How many languages are there?

Give or take a few - 6,912. Some languages are used by only a few people. Others, such as Mandari Chinese and English, are spoken by millins. Many people speak two or more languages. They may use one language at home with family and friends, and another at work or school. Regional variations of a language are know as dialects.

Why did Archimedes shout "Eureka"?

The Ancient Greek scientist was trying to find a way of determining whether a crown was made of pure gold. While pondering the problem Archimedes climbed into his bath and saw the water level rise. He realized that he could compare the volume of gold in the crown with a lump of pure gold of the same weight by submerging them and comparig the rise in water level. He leapt out of his bath and cried "Eueka!" ("I have found it!")

How big is Australia?

 Australia covers 7,692,300 sq km (,969,228 sq miles), making it the 6th largest country in the world and just slightly smaller than the United States. Depending on how you look at it, Australia is the smallest continent or the largest islad in the world - and the least populated. It is located in the geographical region of Oceania, along with more than 25,000 islands. The islands are scattered across the enormous expanse of the South Pacific.

What happens when a volcano erupts?

A volcano erupts when hot molten rock from deep inside the Earth bursts out of the ground. Rivers of liquid rock, called lava, flow down the side of the volcano burning trees, houses, and anything else in their paths.
An exploding volcano may also fling out ash, mud, and poisonous gases.
Volcanoes are not just destructive, however, and often create new mountains and islands.

Why were some dinos so huge?

With necks as long as 11m(36ft) and bodies the size of buses, sauropods were the most distinctive dinosaurs to roam throughout the Jurassic and Cretaceous Periods, 200 to 65 Million years ago. 

These giant vegetarians were able to browse leaves high up in trees and their huge size deterred predators.

Monday, 17 October 2011

Why do I need to eat?

Your body's trillions of tiny cells work day and night to keep you alive. To keep going they need energy, which comes from the food you eat. Food also provides the building materials that you cells use to make you grow, but first your body must digest the food, releasing the simple nutrients that your body can use.

Sunday, 16 October 2011

How do mountains grow?

Where the plates of Earth’s crust crash into each other, land is pushed upwards, forming mountains. The Himalayas are the tallest mountains on Earth and the youngest. They formed over the last 145 million years, as India crashed into Asia. 

Mountains are also formed when volcanoes erupt and molten rock builds up into steep mounds.

How old is the Universe?

The Universe is everything we can see, and a lot that we can’t see. It was created in the Big Bang explosion and has been changing and expanding ever since.

The Universe is about 13.7 billion years old. At its beginning it looked nothing like it does today. Yet, everything in today’s Universe did exist in some form back then. It all started with the Big Bang, a kind of explosion that would not only go on to produce all the matter in the Universe but also marked the start of time.